DICTIONARY OF OCCULT

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Dictionnaire des symboles

 

DICTIONARY OF OCCULT

Hermetic and Alchemical Sigils
Dictionnaire des symboles – Sigils hermétiques et alchimiques
Lexikon der Symbole – Hermetic und alchemistische Sigils
Géometrie sacrée
Abbreviations :
Alc. Alchemical – Ast. Astrological – Geo. Geomantic – Mag. Magical – Occ. Occult – Pal. Palmistic – Rel. Religious

 

 

  

 

  

 

 

 

  

  

 

  

  

 

Pdf version to download


INDEX OF SIGILS

– ONE STROKE

– TWO STROKES

– TREE STROKES

– FOUR STROKES

– FIVE STROKES


APPENDIX



Archives of Western Esoterica


Alphabets & writing systems



Alchemy Through Chemistry


Alchemywebsite


The Alchemy web site on Levity.com


Upgrading and computer graphics
Raymond MARTIN-FABER

The sigils are from FRED GETTIGS
First published in 1981 by Routledge & Kegan Paul.
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data Gettings, Fred Dictionary of occult, hermetic and alchemical sigils.
ISBN Q-71OO-O095-2

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A – SIGILS

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Dictionary of Occult – Hermetic and Alchemical Sigils

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72 ANGELS

1.Vehuaiah – Subtle spirit. Endowed with great wisdom, enthusiastic for science and the arts, capable of undertaking and accomplishing the most difficult things.

2. Jeliel – To quell popular uprisings. To obtain victory over those who attack unjustly. Sprightly spirit, agreeable and courteous manners, passionate for sex.


3. Sitael – Against adversities. Protects against weapons and wild beasts. Loves truth, will keep his word, will oblige those in need of his services.

4. Elemiah – Against mental troubles and for the identification of traitors. Governs voyages, seatravels. Industrious, successful, keen for travel.

5. Mahasiah – To live in peace with everyone. Governs high science, occult philosophy, theology, theliberal arts. Learns easily, keen for honest pleasures.

6. Lelahel – To acquire knowledge and cure disease. Governs love, renown, science, arts and fortune.Features (include) ambition, fame.

7. Achaiah – Governs patience, secrets of nature. Loves learning, proud to accomplish the mostdifficult tasks.

8. Cahetel – To obtain the benediction of God and to drive away evil spirits. Governs agricultural production. Inspires man to rise towards God.

9. Aziel – Mercy of God, friendship and favor of the great, execution of a promise made (sic). Governs good faith and reconciliation. Sincere in promises, will easily extend pardon.

10 Aladiah – Good for those guilty of hidden crimes and fearing discovery. Governs rage and pestilence, cure of disease. Good health, successful in his undertakings.


11 Lauviah – Against lightning and for the obtainment (sic) of victory. Governs renown. Great personage, learned, celebrated for personal talents.

12 Hahaiah – Against adversity. Governs dreams. Mysteries hidden from mortals. Gentle, witty,discreet manners.

13 Iezalel – Governs friendship, reconciliation, conjugal fidelity. Learns easily. Adroit.

14. Mebahel – Against those who seek to usurp the fortunes of others. Governs justice, truth, liberty. Delivers the oppressed and protects prisoners. Loves jurisprudence, affinity for law courts.

15 Hariel – Against the impious. Governs sciences and arts. Religious sentiments, morally pure.

16 Hakamiah – Against traitors and for deliverance from those who seek to oppress us . Govern crowned heads, great captains. Gives victory. Frank, loyal, brave character, sensitive to points of honour, an affinity for Venus.

17 Lauviah – To be invoked while fasting. Against mental anguish, sadness. Governs high sciences, marvelous discoveries. Gives revelations in dreams. Loves music, poetry, literature and philosophy.

18 Caliel – To obtain prompt aid. Makes truth known in law suits, causes innocence to triumph. Just, honest, loves truth, judiciary.

19 Leuviah – To be invoked while facing South. To obtain the grace of God. Governs memory, human intelligence. Amiable, lively, modest, bearing of adversity with resignation.

20 Pahaliah – Against enemies of religion, for the conversion of nations to Christianity (!). Governs religion, theology, morality, chastity, purity. Ecclesiastical vocation.

21 Nelebael – Against calumniators and spells and for the destruction of evil spirits. Governs astronomy, mathematics, geography and all abstract sciences. Loves poetry, literature, avid for study.

22 Ieiael -Governs fortune, renown, diplomacy, commerce, influence on voyages, discoveries, protection against storms and shipwreck. Loves business, industriousness, liberal and philanthropicideas.

23 Melahel – Against weapons and for safety in travel. Governs water, produce of the earth, and especially plants necessary for the cure of disease. Courageous, accomplishes honorable actions.

24 Hahuiah – To obtain the grace and mercy of God. Governs exiles, fugitives, defaulters. Protectsagainst harmful animals. Preserves from thieves and assassins. Loves truth, the exact sciences, sincerein word and deed.

25 Nith-Haiah – For the acquisition of wisdom and the discovery of the truth of hidden mysteries. Governs occult sciences. Gives revelations in dreams, particularly to those born on the day over whichhe presides Influences those who practice the magic of thesages.

26 Haaiah -For the winning of a law suit. Protects those who search after truth. Influences politics, diplomats, secret expeditions and agents.

27 Jerathel -To confound wrong-doers and liars and for deliverance from one’s enemies. Governs propagation of light (sic), civilization. Love (sic) peace, justice, science and arts; special affinity for literature.

28 Seeiah – Against infirmities and thunder, protects against fire, the ruin of buildings, falls and illnesses. Governs health, simplicity. Has much judgment.

29 Reiiel – Against the impious and enemies of religion; for deliverance from all enemies both visibleand invisible. Virtue and zeal for the propagation of truth, will do his utmost to destroy impiety.

30 Ornael – Against sorrow, despair and for the acquisition of patience. Governs animal kingdom, watches over the generation of beings. Chemists, doctors, surgeons. Affinity for anatomy and medicine.

31 Lecabel – For the acquisition of knowledge. Governs vegetation and agriculture. Loves astronomy, mathematics and geometry.

32. Vasariah – Against those who attack us in court. Governs justice.Good memory, articulate.

33 Iehuiah – For the identification of traitors.

 

34 Lehahiah -Against anger. Known for his talents and acts, the confidence and fervor of his prayers.

 

35 Chevakiah – To regain the favor of those one has offended. Governs testaments, successions andall private financial agreements. Loves to live in peace with everyone. Loves rewarding the loyalty of those in his service.

36 Menadel – To retain one’s employment and to preserve one’s means of livelihood. Against calumny and for the deliverance of prisoners.

37 Aniel – To obtain victory and stop the siege of a city. Governs sciences and arts. Reveals the secrets of nature, inspires philosophers, sages. Distinguished savant.

38 Haamiah – For the acquisition of all the treasures of heaven and earth. Against fraud, weapons,wild beasts and infernal spirits. Governs all that relates to God.

39 Rehael – For the healing of the sick. Governs health and longevity. Influences paternal and filial affection.

40 Ieiazel – For the deliverance of prisoners, for consolation, for deliverance from one’s enemies. Governs printing and books. Men of letters and artists.

41 Hahahel – Against the impious, slanderers. Governs Christianity. Greatness of soul, energy. Consecrated to the service of God.

42 Mikael – For safety in travel. For the discovery of conspiracies. Concerned with political affairs, diplomatic.

43 Veuahiah – For the destruction of the enemy and deliverance from bondage. Love glory and the military.

44 Ielahiah – Success of a useful undertaking. Protection against magistrates. Trials. Protects againstarmies, gives victory. Fond of travel and learning. All his undertakings are crowned with success; distinguished for military capabilities and courage.

45 Sealiah – To confound the wicked and the proud, to exalt the humiliated and the fallen. Governsvegetation. Loves learning, much aptitude.

46 Ariel – To procure revelations. To thank God for the good he sends us. Discovers hidden treasure,reveals the greatest secrets of nature, causes the object of one’s desire to be seen in dreams. Strongsubtle mind, new and sublime thoughts, discreet, circumspect.

47 Asaliah – For the praising of God and the growing towards him when he enlightens us. Governs justice, makes the truth known in legal proceedings. Agreeable character, avid for the acquisition of secret knowledge.

48 Michael – For the preservation of peace and the union of man and wife. Protects those who address themselves to him, gives premonitions and secret inspirations. Governs generation of beings. Avid for love, fond of walks and pleasures in general.

49 Vehuel – Sorrow, contrariness. For the exaltation of oneself for the benediction and glory of God. Sensitive and generous soul. Literature, jurisprudence, diplomacy.

50 Daniel – To obtain the mercy of God and consolation. Governs justice, lawyers, solicitors. Furnishes conclusions to those who hesitate. Industrious and active in business, loves literature and isdistinguished for eloquence.

51 Hahasiah – For the elevation of the soul and the discovery of the mysteries of wisdom. Governs chemistry and physics. Reveals the secret of the Philosopher’s Stone and universal medicine. Loves abstract science. Devoted to the discovery of the properties of animals, plants and minerals. Distinguished in medicine.

52 Imamiah – Destroys the power of enemies and humbles them. Governs voyages in general, protects prisoners who turn to him and gives them the means of obtaining their freedom. Forceful, vigorous temperament, bears adversity with patience and courage. Fond of work.

53 Nanael – Governs the high sciences. Melancholy humor, avoids rest, meditation, well-versed in the abstract sciences.

54 Nithael – To obtain the mercy of God and live long. Emperor, king, and prince. Renowned for writings and eloquence, of great reputation among the learned.

55 Mabaiah – Beneficial for obtaining consolation and compensations. Governs morality and religion. Distinguished by good deeds and piety.

56 Poiel – For the fulfillment of one’s request. Governs renown, fortune and philosophy. Wellesteemed by everyone for his modesty and agreeable humor.

57 Nemmamiah – For general prosperity and the deliverance of prisoners. Governs great captains. Drawn to the military; distinguished for activity and the courageous bearing of fatigue.

58 Ieialel – Protects against sorrow and care and heals the sick, especially afflictions of the eyes. Influences iron and those in commerce. Brave, frank, affinity for Venus.

59 Harahel – Against the sterility of women and to make children obedient to their parents. Governs treasure and banks. Printing, books. Love of learning, successful in business.

60 Mizrael – For the cure of mental illness and deliverance from those who persecute us. Virtuous, longevity.

61 Umabel – To obtain the friendship of a given person. Fond of travel and honest pleasures; sensitive heart.

62 Iah-hel – For the acquisition of wisdom. Governs philosophers, illuminati. Loves tranquility and solitude, modest, virtuous.

63 Anianuel – For the conversion of nations to Christianity. Protects against accidents, heals the sick. Governs commerce, banking. Subtle and ingenious, industrious and active.

64 Mehiel – Against adversities. Protects against rabies and wild beasts. Governs savants, professors, orators and others. Distinguished in literature.

65 Damabiah – Against magic spells and for the obtainment (sic) of wisdom and the undertaking of successful ventures. Governs seas, rivers, springs, sailors. Sailor; amasses a considerable fortune.

66 Manakel -For the appeasement of the anger of God and for the healing of epilepsy. Governsvegetation, aquatic animals. Influences dreams. Gentleness of character.

67 Itaiel – To obtain consolation in adversity and for the acquisition of wisdom. Influences occult science. Makes the truth known to those who call on him in their work. Enlightened requirements of the spirit of God. Fond of solitude, distinguished in higher sciences.

68 Chabuiah – For the preservation of health and the healing of the sick. Governs agriculture andfecundity. Fond of the countryside, hunting, gardens and all that is related to agriculture.

69 Rochel – To find lost or stolen objects and discover the person responsible. Distinguished in the judiciary, morals and customs of all peoples.

70 Iabamiah – Governs the generation of beings and phenomena of nature. Protects those who wish to progress spiritually. Distinguished by genius; one of the great lights of philosophy.

71 Haiel – To confound the wicked and for deliverance from those who seek to oppress us. Protects those who call upon him. Influences fire. Brave.

72 Mumiah – A divine talisman should be prepared under favorable influences with the name of thespirit on the reverse side. Protects in mysterious operations, brings success in all things. Governschemistry, physics and medicine. Influences health and longevity.


ABSORBENT EARTH – TERRE ABSORBANTE

GEOFFROY 1718

DIDEROT 1763


ABSTRACT See DISTILLATION and SEPARATE


ABYSS

Demon – ABYSS “lord of chaos”

Silgil given by HOMER 1723

 with 

as alternative, indicating chaos coniusum, the first of the ten links in the so-called Golden Chain, presumed to be linked with the three elements within Boehme’s first Divine Outpouring (sec GRAY 1952).

HOMER 1757

LAW 1772

See also CHAOS, and HOLY DEITY.


ACETUM See VINEGAR


ACHAIAH

 FRA

Achaiah Angel of Patience, the 7th name of God. Bible scripture according to the name Achaiah: “The Lord is merciful and gracious, slow to anger and plenteous in mercy”. The names meaning is The Forbearing or Patient God (Deus Longanimis, in Latin). Alao, he is one of the Seraphims.

Génie 07

vocale : Achèyah
évocation du 0° au 4°59′ du taureau
domine les 6° bélier / 18° gémeaux / 0° vierge / 12° scorpion / 24° capricorne
chaque jour durant 20′, 2h aprés le lever du soleil.
Il règne sur le physique et les actes de ceux qui sont né du 21 au 25 avril.

 


ACHIMER

ENG     FRA

Mediaeval sigils for the binary alpha Virginis, Somestimes called Arista or Spica, given by HERMETIS 13C

   

and EVANS 1922

   

in a form adopted as a variant for the modern sigil SPICA.


ACID – ACIDE

ENG     FRA

LUEDY 1928

DIDEROT 1763

gives the sigil for ‘marin acid’ wich is probably derived from that given by GEOFFROY 1718 for ‘acid of sea salt :

GEOFFROY 1718 gives the sigil for acidic :

SCHEFFERS 1775 gives the sigil for Acidum Salis :

for Acidum fluoris mineralis :

for Acidum Arsenici :

Acidus sacchari :

Acidum urinae or Phosphori :

and the sigil for Acidum aereum :

and the sigil :

for Acidum aereum (but see CARBON DIOXIDE).

The sigil for Lavoisier’s Acide Nitreux is recorded by CROSLAND 1962

See also ACIDUS and AQUA FORTIS.


ACIDUS

ENG  

Sigil given by HOMER 1723 for ‘corporeal acidic aspect of the Spirit of the World (Anima Mundi)’ :

The third of the ten links in the so-called Golden Chain, presumably linked with the three elements within Boehme’s first Divine Outpouring (see GRAY 1952).


ACIEL

ENG

Demon – ACIEL “the god burner”

SCHEIBLE 1848 gives two simple variants (among several complex sigils) for this demon :


ACQUISITIO See AQUISITO


ACTIVE

CIRCLOT 1962 gives the sigil

to represent ‘the active, dynamic principe’.

KOCH 1930 gives

for ‘active intellect’.


ADACIEL

Demon – ADATIEL “walks the earth”

 


ADAMAS

A sigil given by SIGMA 17C among a list of precious stones, to be interpreted as diamond or adamantine

Almost certainly it is the quality of ‘hardness’ which is intended.

ONOMASTICUM 1574


ADAMIC SCRIPT

One of the numerous SECRET SCRIPTS derived from the Hebraic tradition of alphabets (see HEBRAIC SCRIPT), but adapted for the Roman alphabet. The version below is that recorded by CHRISTIAN 1870, with variant characters by RIVIERE 1938 :

This script is almost identical with the Rapaelic script.


ADATIEL

ENG     FRA

Two of the more simple sigil for this demon are recorded by SCHEIBLE 1848 :


ADNACHIEL

Demon – ADNACHIEL “the hunter demon”

Mediaeval variants for the ‘angel’ of Sagittarius, given by BRAHE 1582 :

See SPIRIT OF SAGITTARIUS


AERUGO

ENG    

Verdigris ‘specifically from copper’ is given the four sigils by SCHNEIDER 1962 :

but these are almost certainly a confusion with traditional sigillic forms for AIR.


AES See BRASS, COOPER and CRUDE METAL


AESTAS See SUMMER


AES USTUM

Sigils are given under a variety of alchemical names, such as Burned Brass, Burned Copper or Crocus Veneris.

ONOMASTICUM 1574

WORLIDGE 1651

CROLLIUS 1612

CROLLIUS 1670

ALCHEMICAL 1671

VALENTINE 1671

FRESNE 1688

ALCHEMICAL 17C

SIGMA

SOMMERHOFF 1701

DIDEROT 1763

POISSON 1891

GESSMANN 1906

CARBONELLI 1925

LUEDY 1928

SCHNEIDER 1962

See also CROCUS MARTIS.


AES VIRIDE See VERDIGRIS


AGATE

ENG     FRA

Mediaeval sigli for the semi-precious stone, sometimes called Achasses or Achates, recorded by SIGMA 17C :


AGARES

The second spirit is a Duke called Agares, he is under ye power of ye East and cometh up in the form of a fair Old man riding upon a Crocodill, very mildly, carrying a goshawke on his fist. he maketh them runne that stand still, and fetcheth back ye runnawayes. he can teach all Languages or Tongues presently, he hath the power also to destroy dignities, both supernaturall & Temporall; & cause Earthquakes. he was of the order of Vertues; he hath under his government 31 Legions &c: & this is [his] seale or Character wch is to be worne as [a] Lamen.

   


AGIEL

Demon – AGIEL “lord of calamity”

This is the presiding intelligence of Saturn (along with the spirit ZAZEL) , but the sigil given under this name by HEYDON 1664 is intended to represent the letter A in the secret ‘Alphabet of Angels and Genii’ :


AGNI See TEJAS


AHENUM

SOMMERHOFF 1701

LUEDY 1928

SCHNEIDER 1962


AIM

The 23d spirit is called Aim, a greatt duke and strong, he appeareth in ye forme of a very handsome man in Body, [but] wth 3 heads, The first like a serpent ye second like a man wth 2 starrs in his forehead, The Third [head] is lik [sic] a Catt; he rideeth on a viper, carring a fire brand in his hand burning, whereth [wherewith] he sets Citties Castles & great places on fire he maketh one witty [in] all manner of wayes, and giveth true answares to privy matters, he governeth 26 Legions of Infernall spirits; his seal is thus to be made, and worne as a Lamen before you.

   


AIR

The most common sigil for this ‘second element” is :

but this is by no means representative of the mixture of gases we know to today under the name ‘Air’ : in the esoteric tradition, Air is, as WELLING 1735 puts it, ‘The Spiritual and Invisible Air which existed before the descent of Lucifer’ : the Occult Air. A modern sigil is given by DE VORE 1947, within an astrological context :

whilst a ‘cabbalistic’ form is recorded by SHEPHERD 1971 :

There are very many mediaeval variants, of which the following are the most common :

ALCHEMY 1650

KIRCHER 1655

TABLE 1676

CROLLIUS 1670

FRESNE 1680

ALCHEMICAL 17G

SHELTON 17C

SIGNA 17C

SOMMERHOFF 1701

 

DIDEROT 1763

GEHEIME 1795

GESSMANN 1906

SCHNEIDER 1962

WALTER 1970

See also ELEMENTS


AIR HAND

Sigil originated to serve modern chirognoray, intended to denote the male Air hand font, given in GETTINGS 1965 :

The female Air hand form is represented by the sigil :


AIR TRIPLICITY

Whilst in practical terms any of the sigils in the forms intended to denote AIR may be vised to represent the astrological Air triplicity (Gemini, Libra & Aquarius), AGRIPPA 1510 gives a composite sigil derived from the sigillic forms most frequently used for these zodiacal signs :


AKASA See AKASHYA


AKASHYA

Sometimes called Asasha or Akasa, this is without doubt the oriental equivalent of the European invisible ‘fifth’ element, the QUINTESSENCE ( see BLAVATSKY 1888) :

The sigil is described as  ‘a transparent white circle with dots’, the latter representing chhidra, holes or spaces in substance. A sigil is given by AVALON 1919

and is associated with the Visuddha or throat chakra.

PERSONAL 1980


See ETHERIC and QUINTESSENCE


ALABROTH

Sigil given in ONOWASTICUM 1574, the substance being described as a ‘sweet salt’ :


ALA CORVI

Mediaeval sigil for the double star delta Corvi sometimes called Algorab, given in HERMETIS 13C

A variant of this sigil was given by AGRIPPA 1510 and printed in AGRIPPA 1531, with slight variations in a form which is now regarded as standard in

European occultism :


ALADIAH

Appartiene al Coro dei CHERUBINI
Elemento TERRA
Angelo Custode delle persone nate dal 6 al 10 Maggio.
Domicilio Zodiacale dal 16° al 20° del Toro.

Génie 10

 

vocale: Aladÿah
évocation du 15° au 19°59′ du Taureau,
domine les 9° bélier / 21° gémeaux / 3° vierge / 15° scorpion / 27° capricorne
chaque jour durant 20′, 3h aprés le lever du soleil.
Il règne sur le physique et les actes de ceux qui sont né du 6 au 10 mai.

 


ALAYOCU

Mediaeval sigil for the fixed star alpha Aurigac, sometimes called HIRCUS, Amalthea and CAPELLA, given by HERMETIS 13C

which records also a related variant :


ALBUM

Sigils for ‘whiteness’ or ‘paleness’, sometimes also used for ‘white of egg’ .

ALCHEMYCAL 17C

SIGNA 17C

See alsc ALBUMEN


ALBUMEN

Generally this sigil was restricted to ‘white of egg’ or ‘glair’.

FRANCKLYN 1627

ALCHEMY 1650

SHELTON 17C

GESSMANN 1906

SOMMERHOFF 1701


ALBUS

Sigil for one of the sixteen geomantic figures, for which a multitude of variants (dots, stars, floral devices, etc.) is used in the same four-fold arrangement

Albus is linked by AGRIPPA 1531 with the element Water, the planet Mercury, and the zodiacal sign Cancer. The following sigils are derived from late-mediaeval sources, and are sometimes jsed to denote the planet MERCURY, as for example in TRITHEMIUS 1503.

AGRIPPA 1531

HEYDON 1664

See also ALBUM


ALCALI See ALKALI


ALCALICUS

Sigil given by HOMER 1723 as ‘corporeal alkali’ of the eternal becoming of God, the fourth in the ten links of the so-called Golden Chain, associated with the second (female, creative, expansive) of Boehrae’s Divine Outpourings (see GRAY 1952) :


ALCHEMIST SCRIPT

A large number of apparently unrelated secret scripts called ‘Alchemical alphabets’ have been preserved in occult, and alchemical texts, the general idea being that sigils normally used to denote substances or processes are substituted for the letters of the alphabet. VIGNERE 1586 records a fairly typical example, which is given here, along with a number of variants to it from SELENUS 1624

The following three, all preserved by SOMMERHOFF 1701 are again fairly typical of these scripts, combining astrological and alchemical sigils apparently without any real feeling for ‘meaning’ or secret symbolisra:

See also SECRET SCRIPTS.


ALCOHOL

A sigil is given by KOCH 1930, though without a stated source :

SCHNEIDER 1962 gives the sigils

for spiritus vini rectificatissimus, but see SPIRIT OP WINE.


ALDERARAN

HERMETIS 13C gives the sigil for alpha Tauri :


ALEMBIC

In esoteric alchemy, tho symbol is used for the human physical body, in which the Great Work of transmutation takes place : in exoteric alchemy, the tern refers to the vessel used for the process of distillation. The latter meaning is probably intensed by the fallowing mediaeval sigils :

ALCHEMY 1650

VALENTINE 1671

SIGNA 17C

SOMMERHOFF 1701

GESSMANN 1906

SCHNEIDER 1962


ALEPH

The first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, for which very many derivatives have been compounded within the tradition of secret SCRIPTS, amongst which a selection from BARTOLOZZI 1675 may be regarded as the most well known :

See however HEBRAIC SCRIPT. The letter and its sigil derivatives have been used generally to suggest, the idea of ‘beginning’. WIRTH 1927 equates aleph with the first arcanum of the Tarct pack, the JUGGLER, and thus with zodiacal Taurus, the constellation Orion, and with rhe Mercury of the Alchemists. He traces a graphic etymology with the forms which demonstrate a vestigial bull’s head, or that of an Ox :


ALKALI

ONOMASTICUX 1574

KOCH 1930

SCHNEIDER 1962

See also SAL ALKALI


ALKANET

Sigils recorded from Greek manuscript by BERTHELOT 1885, for ‘dyer’s bugloss’ :

The sane source gives a relatari sigil for Laodician Alkanet :


ALL THINGS See HOLY DIETY


ALLOCES

The 52d spirit [in order] is called Alloces — he is a great & mighty strong duke, appearing in ye forme of a souldier ridding on a great horse; his face is like a Lyons, very redd, having Eyes flaming, his speech is hoarse & verry Bigg; his office is to teach ye art of Astronomy, & all yLiberall siences, he Bringeth good familiars & ruleth 36 Legions of spirits, his seal is Thus made, & [is] to be worne, &c.

   


ALPHA

A variety ox sigils used from early Christian times, and based on the firsc letter of the Greek alphabet, generally intended to convey the idea of ‘creative beginning’ and frequently used conjointly with OMEGA, ‘the end of all tilings’ :

Many related sigils have beer, adopted for Christian use, with graphic etymological roots which go back to pre-Christian traditions. TESTA 1962 records a series of sigils from such early Christian sources, all of which are related to the alpha

a scries which culminates in the form of the triple alpha, symbolic of the Holy Trinity

See also MORTAL ADAM


ALPHABETS See SECRET SCRIPTS


ALPHECCA

Mediaeval sigil for the fixed star alpha Coronae sorealis, sometimes called Alfeca and ELPHEIA, given by HERMETIS 13C :

A variant from mediaeval sources is recorded by EVANS 1922 under the (erroneous) name Lucia corona Scorpionis :

From such sources AGRIPPA 1531 derives his sigil which has entered the European occult stream :


ALTAMECH

Mediaeval sigil for the fixed star alpha Bootis, sometimes called Arcturus and Alchameth, given by HERMETIS 13C

EVANS 1922 records a mediaeval version :

From such sources AGRIPPA 1531 derived his sigil which has entered the European occult stream :


ALUM

An enormous number of sicils for this mineral salt, has survived from mediaeval times, of which those reproduced from a mediaeval manuscript by CARRONELLI 1925 are the most wiuely used in the alchemical tradition :

WORLIDGE 1651

CROLLIUS 1612

ALCHEMY 1650

CROLLIUS 1670

VALENTINE 1671

ALCHEMICAL 17C

SIGNA 17C

SOMMERHOFF 1701

DIDEROT 1763

GESSMANN 1906

LUEDY 1928

SCHNEIDER 1962

See also ALUMEN PLUMEUM, CALCINATED ALUM and POTASH


ALUMEN CALCINATUM See CALCINATED ALUM and POTASH


ALUHEN PLUMBUM

SOMMERHOFF 1701

SCHNEIDER 1962


ALUMEN SACCHARTNIUM

SOMMERHOFF 1701


AMALGAM

A large number of variations exist, mainly related to the four sigils recorded by SHELTON 17C

SIGMA 17C

and DIDEROT 1763

The following sigils are mediaeval variants :

ALCHYMIA 1563

VALENTINE 1671

ALCHEMICAL 17C

SIGNA 17C

SOMMERHOFF 1701

DIDEROT 1763

GESSMANN 1906

SCHNEIDER 1962


AMBER

Alc. ALCHEMY 1650 gives two sigils

but see WHITE AMBER and YELLOW AMBER.


AMBRIEL

Angel – (The changer)

Mag. The most common mediaeval characters for the ‘angel’ of Gemini are given by BRAKE 1582 :

However, the name is used also for one of the geoir.antic spirits for which AGRIPPA 1531 gives the sigil

and HEYDON 1664 :

TRITHEMIUS 1503 gives a variant :


AMDUSCIA

The 67th spirit in order is called Amduscias, he is a strong & great duke appearing at first like an Unicorne, But afterwards at ye Request of yeExorcist he standeth [110r] before him in humane shape causing Trumpets and all manner of Musicall Instrument to be heard But not seene also [causing] Trees to bend and Incline according to ye Exorcist [Exorcist’s] will; he giveth Excellent familiars & ruleth 29 Legions of spirits his seal is Thus formed and is to be worne as a Lamin &c.

   


AMEN

Rel . Mediaeval sigil recorded by CAPPELLI 1949 :

it is very likely that the cross which is so commonly tound on magical invocations and large-scale sigils was intended to evoke the power of Amen :


AMETHYS

Mag. SIGNA 17C gives the sigil :


AMISSIO

Geo. Sigil for one of the sixteen geomantic figures, for which a multitude of variants (stars, dots, floral devices, etc.) is used in the same four-fold arrangement :

Amissio is linked by AGRIPPA 1531 with the element of Fire, the planet Venus and the zodiacal sign Libra. The following sigils are derived from late-mediaeval sources, and are sometimes used to denote the planet Venus as for example in TRITHEMIUS 1503.

AGRIPPA 1531

HEYDON 1664 gives

but this is probably wrongly copied from the source above.


AMMONIA

Alc. Sometimes referred to as volatile alcali, the mediaeval sigil is recorded by GESSMANN 1906 :

Two common sigils are also used, though these are so ubiquitous, and are intended to cover so many other denotations and connotations, that they render most texts obscure. PORTA 1593 gives the triangle

for example, whilst the star is also quite common, as for example recorded by CARBONELLI 1925 for SAL AMMONIAC :


AMNIXIEL

(Demon of the Lines)

Mag. Supposed by HEYDON 1664 to be a geomantic spirit, for which he gives the sigil

but this is wrongly copied from the Hebrew of AGRIPPA 1531, who gives the sigil

for the genius of LOETTTIA and of zodiacal Pisces.


AMON

The 7t spirit is Amon. he is a Marquis great in power & most strong, he at first appereth like a wolf with a serpents taile, vomiting out of his Mouth fleames of fire, but at ye command of ye Magician he putteth on ye shape of a man, with dogs Teeth beset in a head like a Raven, or in a Ravens Head, hee telleth [of] all things past & to come, and procureth love, and reconcileth controversies between freinds & foes,1 & governeth 40 Legions of spirits, his seal is thus, wch is to be worne as afforesaid.

   


AMPHORA

Alc. Mediaeval sigil recorded by GESSMANN 1906


AMNIXIEL

Demon – AMNIXIEL “demon of the lines”


AMY

The 58th spirit is called [named] Amy, he is a great president, & appeareth at first in ye forme of a flaming fire, But after a while he putteth on ye shape of a man, &c: his office is to make one wounderous [wonderfully] knowing in Astrology & all ye Leberall [liberal] siences; he giveth good familiars & can bewray Treasures, wch are kept by spirits; he governeth 36 Legions of spirits, [&] his seal is This, wch wear as a Lamin &c.

   


ANAEL

Demon – ANAEL “demon of lust”

Mag. The most common mediaeval sigil for the angel of Venus is given by TRITHEMIUS 1503 :

though in theory any of the common sigils for VENUS may be used, as for example in SHEPHERD 1971.

BARRETT 1801 confuses this sigil with that for the Archangel MICHAEL :

SCHEIBLE 1848 gives several other variants, including :

See SPHERE OF VENUS


ANAUEL

Génie 63

ANAUEL vocale: anauel
évocation du 10° au 14°59′ du verseau,
domine les 2° gémeaux / 14° lion / 26° balance / 8° capricorne / 20° poissons
chaque jour durant 20′, 20h40′ aprés le lever du soleil.
Il règne sur le physique et les actes de ceux qui sont né du 31 janvier au 4 février.


ANDREALPHUS

The 65 spirit is called Andrealphus, he is a Mighty great Marquiz appearing at first in ye forme of [a] Peacock, with great Noises but afterwards he putteth on humane shape, he can teach perfectly geomitry, & all Things belonging to measuring, [&] also Astronomy, he maketh men very subtile and cunning therin, he can Transforme a Man into ye likness of a Bird & he governeth 30 Legions of spirits his seal is This, wch is to be worne as a Lamin &c.

    


ANDRAS

The 63 spirit is called Andras, he is a great Marquiz appearing in ye forme of an angell wth a head like a Black night Raven, ridding upon a strong black woolf, wth a sharpe bright sword flourishing in his hand, his office is to sow discords, if ye Exorcist hath not care he will kill him and his fellows, he governeth 30 Legions of spirits his seal is Thus to be [made, and] worne as a Lamin before [thee] on your Breast.

    


ANDROMALIUS

The 72d spirit in order is called Andromalius he is a great and Mighty Earle appearing in ye form of a Man, holding a serpent in his hand, his office is to bring a theefe & goods yt are stolen, Back; and to discover all wickedness, and understand dealings, & to punish Theives [thieves] & other wicked people, & to discover Treasure that is hidd, &c, he ruleth 36 Legions of spirits his seal is This, wch make & wear as a Lamin in time of acction &c.

    


ANGEL

Occ. A Greek sigil is recorded by BERTHELOT 1885 :

whilst a common mediaeval sigil (an abbreviation, in fact) is given by CHASSANT 1884 for angelis ;

KIRCHER 1655 gives the form

whilst OLIVER 1826 gives the sigil

as ‘an ancient Egyptian symbol for the angel’ – SUCHER 1975 appears to link the sigll for LEO with tho sphere of the Angels, which is traditionally the SPHERE OF THE MOON :


ANGELIC SCRIPT See CELESTIAL SCRIPT


ANGER See WRATH


ANGULAR

Ast. A modern sigil for this astrological concent is given by DE VORE 1947, for both ‘angular houses’ and ‘lingular signs’ :


ANIEL

Haniel (Hebrew: הניאל‎, “Joy of God” or Hebrew: חַנִּיאֵל‎, “Grace of God”), also known as Anael, Hanael or Aniel, is an angel in Jewish lore and angelology, and is often included in lists as being one of the seven archangels. Haniel is generally associated with the planet Venus, and she is the archangel of the Sephirah Netzach. The name Haniel probably derives from Hebrew hana’ah, “joy”, “pleasure” (qualities associated with Venus) + the suffix -el, “God”. Haniel is one of the archangels encrypted in the Sigillum Dei Aemeth of Dr. John Dee and Edward Kelly.

Génie 37

vocale : anyel
évocation du 0° au 4°59′ de la balance,
domine les 6° taureau / 18° cancer / 0° balance / 12° sagittaire / 24° verseau
chaque jour durant 20′, 12h aprés le lever du soleil.
Il règne sur le physique et les actes de ceux qui sont né du 24 au 28 septembre.

 


ANIMA See SOUL and ANIMALIA


ANIMALIA

Oca. Sigil given by KOMER 1723 as tho sixth of the ten links in the so-called Golden Chain :

In the Theosophic tradition (see BOEHME 1730) the term animalia does not imply brutish, as derived from ‘animal’, but rather soul-enfilled, as fron the Latin anima : in later theosophy the term would refer to a being possessed of an astral body.

GESSMANN 1906

WIRTH 1931


ANIMATE WORLD

Occ. Sigil given by KIRCHER 1655 under this heading, but probably the author had in mind the idea of the ASTRAL WORLD :


ANIMUS

Rel. A mediaeval contraction is given by CAPPELLI 1949 :


ANISE

Alc. Mediaeval sigil recorded by SHELTON 17C :


ANKH

Occ. Sometimes called anfc and ansstcd cross, it is one of the siqils used from earliest times against barrenness (see BUDGE 1930) :

BLAVATSKY 1898 sees it as a form DE VENUS

und claims that it symbolics ‘that mankind and all animal life had stepped out of the divine spiritual circle and fallen into physical male and female generation’ . Additionally, BLAVATSKY 1888 claims that it is the ‘sign of life, the living, an oath, the covenant… It is the hieroglyphic : RU

set upright on the Tan-cross’. The same source gives

as the earliest Ankh-cross, a loop which combines both a circle and a cross in one image, and which is called Che Ankh-tie, the pasa of Siva. TESTA 1962 gives several forms of the Ankh-cross, of which the following three are representative :

STEINER 1906 calls the ankh the Tao, the ‘I an’ which streamed through the whole world in early days.

See also CROSS, ORIGIN and RU.


ANNEAL

Alc.  In the early alchemical sense, this word was intended to meam calcinate, to ‘burn’ or ‘set on fire’, and it is in this sense that the mediaeval sigils recorded by GESSMANN 1906 must be taken, for they almost certainly do not relate to the enamelling or encaustic processns as such :

See also CALCINATE.


ANNULOS See PLANETARY SYMBOLS.


ANNUS See YAER


ANNUS PHILOSOPHICUS

Alc. SOMMEKHOFF 1701 records that the ‘Philosophic year’ is actually an ordinary month – a ‘mensis vulgaris’ for which he record the sigils :

See MONTH and YEAR


ANTARES See COR SCORPIONS


ANTIMONY

Alc. A large number of sigils lor the stibium of the early alchemists has survived, and a list of frequently used forms is reproduced by CARBONELLI 1925 :

ALCHYMIA 1563

WORLIDGE 1651

ALCHEMY 1850 :

CROLLIUS 1670 :

ALCHEMICAL 17C :

SHELTON 17C :

SIGNA 17 C :

DIDEROT 1763 :

GESSMANN 1906 :

LUEDY 1928 :

SCHNEIDER 1962 gives the sigils

for ancimoniura spagyrice pracparatum – a specialist alchemical form, perhaps – for which SOMMERHOFF 1701 records a large number of forms, not very different from those used for simple ‘antimony ‘ :

A Greek sigil is given by BERTHELOT 1865 :


ANTIMONY FLOWERS

Alc. GESSMANN 1906 :


ANTIMONY GLASS See ANTIMONY VITRUM


ANTIMONY HEPAR

Alc. SCHNEIDER 1962 :


ANTIMONY REGULUS

Alc. FRANCKLYN 1627 :

SOMMERHOFF 1701 :

GESSMANN 1906 :

SCHNEIDER 1962 :


ANTIMONY VITRUM

Alc. SOMMERHOFF 1701 :

GESSMANN 1906 :


APADIEL

Demon – APADIEL of hells electorate: “musician”

Mag. Mediaeval sigil for the demon, given by SCHEIBLE 1848 :


APAS

Occ . Sigil for the tattva which forws the manifestation of the Third Logos on the Astral Plane (see HOULT 1910) : AVALON 1919, who records the sigil, says that it is white in colour :

This is the oriental equivalent of the esoteric water element, and is associated with the svadhishthana or Spleen chakra.


APOLLO

Ast. A sigil given hy THIERENS 1931 for the esoteric planet, which he distinguishes from the common sigil for the SUN (Helios) :


APOLLONIAN SCRIPT

Occ. A late-mediaeval secret alphabet which has been recorded in a number of versions, as for example that given by VIGNERE 1586 to a Greek alphabet (the claim that it was the script of Apollonius of Tyana is of course entirely suppositious) :

A version constructed to the Roman alphabet by RIVIERE 1938 is worth recording for it shows the dependence upon the earlier form :


AQUA See WATER


AQUA FOETIDA See AQUA MERCURIT


AQUA FORTIS

Alc. A large number of mediaeval sigile have survived, but usually these consist of a graphic play with either A or F, or with the single letter F and the common sigil for WATER

ONOMASTICUM 1574

FRANCKLYN 1627

ALCHEMY 1650

CROLLlUS 1670

ALCHEMICAL 17C

SHELTON 17C

SIGNA 17C

SCHNEIDER 1962

SOMMERHOFF 1701 records a number of sigils for a formula for aqua fortis simplex :

GESSMANN 1906


AQUA MESCURII

Alc. SOMMERHOFF 1701 records the following siqils for aqua foetida :


AQUA PLUVIALIS See RAIN WATER


AQUA REGIS

Alc. A largo number of mediaeval sigils has survived, but the majority of these consist of a graphic play with the letter R and the most common sigil for water :

ALCHYMIA 1563

ALCHEMY 1650

VALENTINE 1671

SHELTON 17C

SIGNA 17C

SOMMERHOFF 1701

GESSMANN 1906


AQUARIUS

Asc. Sigils for zodiacal sign of the Waterearer, also used indiscriminately for the constellation of the same name. The printed version is baaed on the most common mediaeval version, given by HYGINUS 1482 :

and derived ultimately from Egyptian formis (see NEUGEBAUER 1959). Said by AGRIPPA 1510 to be based on the shape of waves, though this is not a water sign. The graphic form is also, rather foolishly, traced by certain modern astrologers to the idea of ‘electric waves’ .

Ancient Egyptian (demotic) :  BERLIN 42AD

STOBART 2C

SPIEGELBERG 1911

NEUBAUER 1959 :

DIGBY 12C :

ASTRONOMICAL 1400 :

JANUA 14C :

LEUPOLDI 14C :

ASTROLOGICAL 15C :

QUADRANTIS 15C :

TABLES 15C :

SIGILLIS 17C :

WELLING 1735 :

CARRIGHTERUS 18C :

MAGIE 18C:

LUEDY 1928 records a related sigil from the Syrian alchemical – astrological tradition :

DEUTSCHE 1980 :

A sigil for the constellation Aquarius is given by LEUPOLDI 14C

See also SPIRIT OF AQUARIUS


AQUA VITAE See WATER OF LIFE


AQUISITIO

Geo. Sigil for one of the sixteen geomantic figures, for which a multitude of variants (dots, stars, floral devices, etc.) is used to denote the sane four-fold arrangement : 

Aquisitio is linked by AGRIPPA 1531 with the element of Air, the planet Jupiter and the zodiacal sign Aries, The following siyils are derived from the late mediaeval sources, and are sometimes used to denote the planet JUPITER, as for example in TRITHESMIUS 1503.

AGRIPPA 1531 :


ARATRON

Mag. Mediaeval sigil for the planetary spirit of Saturn, given by TRITHEMICS 1503 :

    

SCHEIBLE 1348 givesa variant :

    


AKCHAI See SPHERE OF VENUS


ARATRON

Demon – ARATRON “demon of sorrow”


ARCHANGEL

Qcc. These spiritual beings are traditionally linked with the sphere of Mercury (in the mere ancient cosmologies), but SUCHER 1975 appears to link these beings with the sigil for CANCER :

See ANGEL and SPHERE OP MERCURY.


ARCHETYPES

Occ. In her complex numerological study, BLAVATSKY 1888 lists a number of graphic archetypes which combine in various ways to express occult or hermetic ideas – in this she was following a tradition perhaps introduced by AGRIPPA 1510 and developed by GABELLA The nost Important of these archetypes are the central point (.),  the three  the five   and the seven  which may be symbolised by (  ).

A further set of four archetypal sigils are explained at length by WIRTH 1927

See in this connexion HERMETIC TETRAD.

The basic archetypes give rise to such symbolism as is found expressed in the sigils for BODY ERECT, CROSS, DECADE, DEITY, ETHERIC, OGDOAD, ONE, SEPTENARY MAN, and so on.


ARCTURUS See ALTAMECH


ARENA See SAND


ARGENTUM See SILVER


ARGENTUM MUSICUM See STLVER PAINT


ARGENTUM PICTORIUM See SILVER PAINT


ARGENTUM VIVUM See QUICKSILVER


ARIEL

Génie 46

ARIEL vocale: ariel
évocation du 15° au 19°59′ du scorpion,
domine les 15° taureau / 27° cancer / 9° balance / 21° sagittaire / 3° poissons
chaque jour durant 20′, 15h aprés le lever du soleil.
Il règne sur le physique et les actes de ceux qui sont né du 8 au 12 novembre.

Demon – ARIEL of hell’s electorate: “historian”

Mag. Several mediaeval sigils have been preserved for this demon (or spirit), the more simple of those recorded by SCHEIBLE 1848 being the following :


ARIES

Ast. Sigils for the zodiacal sign of the Ram, also used indiscriminately for the constellation of the same name. The printed sigil is derived frcm the manuscript tradition, such as LAMBECIUS 1500  and AGRIPPA 1510 . The sigil is said by AGRIPPA 1510 to be based on the shape of the Ram’s horns, but this is unlikely. SUCHER 1971 suggests that it is a pietograph of exploding and imploding spirit, whilst: GABELLA 1615 explains its form as a graphic expression of the equinox, and gives it a curious sigil which is linked with one of the sigils for FIRE.

Ancient Egyptian (demotic) :

STOBART 2C

SPIEGELBERG 1911

Graeco-Byzantine c.500AD : NEUGEBAUER 1959

DIGBY 12C

ASTROMICAL 1400

JANUA 14c

MANSIONIBUS 1482

ASTROLOGICAL 15C

BONATTI 15C

QUADRANTIS 15C

BLUNDEVILLE 1602

PROWSSE 17C

SIGILLIS 17C

SIBLY 1790

BOUCHE-LECLERQ 1899

NEROMANN 1937

WILCZKOWSKY 1947

BURCKHARD 1967

LEUPOLDI 14C gives a sigil for the constellation for which

AGRIPPA 1510 qives a variant :

LUEDY 1928 records a related sigil from the Syrian alchemical- astrological tradition :

See also MYSTERIOUS PLANETS and SPIRIT OP ARIES


ARISTA See ACUIMER


ARMENIAN BOLE

Alc. SHELTON 17C

SOMMERHOFF 1701

GESSMANN 1906


ARSENIC

Alc. A multitude of sigils and variants exist, of which the most common are the mediaeval ones reproduced by CARBONELLI 1925 :